The Best Tips for Using or Installing a Wireless Range Extender



Typically, people install a wireless range extender so wireless signal can cover all areas in the home or office. This type of equipment provides internet connectivity through wired or wireless connection in hard-to-reach areas or wireless dead zones, repeating the wireless signal of any router or access point. Configuring the range extender can be a lot easier with an installation CD or simply changing the wireless settings on the access point or router. However, if those elements are not provided, you may have to do manual setup of the device.


wireless range extender



First, choose a wireless extender that really expands your wireless coverage

Wireless extenders can halve the throughput even when they extend the range. For users who have wireless coverage issues, it is best to get a dual-band router. This type of device allows the user to boost a 2.4Ghz signal further while boosting the 5Ghz short-range signal to make it stronger. Pairing the extender with the 2.4Ghz band allows the user to reserve that band for tasks that require lighter throughput, such as checking email and web browsing. The 5Ghz band can be employed for streaming multimedia or linking to gaming consoles or smart TV’s on wireless devices, which pretty much covers throughput-intensive tasks.



Check out models with a signal strength indicator

With the right equipment, you also have to determine the best location to have your wireless extender at. The ideal position is midway from the router to where the wireless coverage seems to drag. It won’t do to put the device too close to the WiFi modem, since this would hinder you from getting the best coverage. Too far and you just waste what you have with a weak signal.

It is good advice to buy a wireless extender that has an indicator for signal strength to help you locate the perfect spot.

Some experts suggest setting up a chat app between two users on different devices in the home network to find a good place to position the wireless extender. The two devices have to be wirelessly connected to the router. One of the users positions themselves next to the router, while the other moves farther and farther from it. Once the chat connection drops or lags, the weak signal area has been found, making it the ideal location for the wireless extender.

Yet another means of determining where the signal drops is to employ free software such as the inSSIDer, which allows you to view the signal strength of the router. This software can be installed on both a Windows and Mac laptop or an Android device. It will work the same way as when using a chat app: the location where the signal strength drops is where the device has to be positioned.



Identify the wireless settings of the router or access point

These include: the wireless network name or service set identifier (SSID); the hardware identification number; and the wireless password, security/network key or the modem’s wireless security key.

The network name or SSID of the extender is a 32 case-sensitive alphanumeric character identifier sent over a wireless local area network, which acts as the password to connect a mobile device to the basic service set. It is what differentiates one WLAN from another WLAN. In principle, all devices connecting to a particular WLAN should utilize the same SSID.

The hardware identification number is a number that identifies each device connected to the network. The last four digits of this number have to be written down.

The WPA key is typically on a sticker found either on the back of the modem or underneath the device. It’s the same security key used to have the laptop connect to the modem.


wireless range extender position


Choose a Method for Setup

One quick method is WPS, which broadcasts the same network name and password as the source modem so it’s no longer necessary to switch between WiFi networks. This is a simpler method.

The slightly slower Ethernet Cable method enables the user to specify the SSID of the extender, allowing manual switching between WiFi networks based on signal strength.

Plug the range extender to the AC outlet, and make sure the LED lights for power and signal strength are stable. The WLAN light will keep flashing.



Set up the wireless extender with WPS

Launch a web browser. Enter the default IP address in the address bar. Note:should your PC have a defined default startup web page on its browser, a dialog box requesting entry of a username and password will appear automatically.

A window prompting you to enter a username and password will appear. Leave the username blank then enter admin in the password field and click Log In.

Click Wireless, then choose Basic Wireless Settings. Next, set the radio button to Manual and put in the router’s network name or SSID.

On the Wireless Security section, choose the security settings that correspond to the configuration of the router. Put in the WEP key or passphrase and click Save Settings. It is recommended to utilize WPA/WPA2 wireless security on both the range extender and router.


wireless range extender with WPS



Synchronize the range extender with the router

Unplug the power cables for the range extender and router for about half a minute. Plug the router in first, then once all the lights are stable, plug in the range extender.

To ensure successful installation of the range extender, open your router’s DHCP table and make sure the range extender is there along with its IP address. Ping the device using a wireless PC and make sure you can elicit replies from it.



Expand your network

Some other devices on the market aside from wireless range extenders can help users expand their local network whether wirelessly or through wired means. These include wireless bridges, access points and switches.




The Best Tips for Taking Care of a Leather Sofa



To keep a leather sofa looking good through the years, the homeowner may be tempted to try out the many leather conditioners out there to ensure a waxy finish on their favorite loveseat or couch. Contrary to popular belief, leather sofas age beautifully and are not that tedious to care for. Unlike fabric that wears out, leather wears in, giving it a natural patina with time. Leather is a natural material and leather furniture can last a lifetime. Here’s what to do to ensure that the investment made in a leather sofa is truly worth it.


Leather sofas



Wipe the sofa down regularly

Caring for a leather sofa only entails regularly wiping down the piece of furniture using a clean, dry cloth. Spills should be wiped up as soon as they happen. With regular wiping down, dust is removed from the leather to keep it looking fabulous.

Leather conditioning should never be considered optional. You can use leather conditioner either annually or semi-annually. Otherwise, the material will develop cracks or can dry out and turn brittle.The creamy consistency of leather conditioner enables you to buff it into the material. The leather conditioner you use will depend on the type of leather used in making the sofa. It is best to ask the manufacturer about a suitable leather conditioner for the unit.



Clean out dust and debris from the sofa’s crevices

This is where a good vacuuming can be effective. Like any other piece of upholstered furniture, your leather sofa can accumulate its share of debris and dirt in those tight corners and crevices, as well as under the cushions. Use a vacuum hose attachment to suck out the collected dirt. Vacuuming leather furniture entails no precautions whatsoever.



Refrain from using regular cleaning products to wipe down the leather sofa

Soaps, solvents, detergent and other cleaning reagents need not be used. Dusting spray such as Pledge will only cause buildups that become so difficult to eliminate without ruining the leather. Varnishes, oils, rubbing alcohol and too much water may create a bigger problem than the offending stain.



Small scratches can be buffed with a microfiber cloth

There may be times when inconsiderate guests or crazy relatives can leave cigarette burns of knife gouges on your priced leather sofa. Eventually too, since animal hide is what leather is made from, the material can develop small scratches and cracks or just dry out. You can coax such damages into healing themselves by gently buffing them with a microfiber cloth until they no longer look so wicked or their appearance improves.


Leather sofa cracks



Keep in mind that sunlight can have damaging effects on leather as much as it does on human skin

It is important that your leather sofa be kept out of direct sunlight or light. Fading can happen with constant sun and light exposure. The material will also dry out.Position leather couches and loveseats away from windows through which the sunlight will be shining through. If there’s no other choice because of space restrictions, simply condition the often exposed areas more frequently.



Select good quality leather when you have kids or pets in the house

Generally, your leather sofa should be as safe as any other piece of furniture even if you own pets or have kids in the home. With that said, you can always go for protected leather in your sofa. This type of material is given an extra application of finishing to help protect the material, so children and house pets can settle on the sofa without you worrying constantly about the material getting damaged.



Don’t experiment with various types of cleaning reagents to work on persistent stains

Handling a persistent stain by yourself may not be sensible and could easily result in further damage to your investment. It is better to seek the assistance of a professional leather specialist to clean out stubborn stains and prevent creating greater damage to the material itself.


Leather sofa stain



Keeping a leather sofa covered ensures protection from dust and dirt

If you own a leather sofa and do not want to have to be constantly worried about maintaining its rich, clean look, covering it with a lightweight sheet when not in use will help protect it from dirt and dust. This will also reduce the maintenance you have to do to it so you won’t have to clean the sofa as often as when it is kept without a cover. A lightweight sheet will also keep sunlight off from the sofa to prevent the material from cracking and drying out over time. If a leather sofa is placed in a high-traffic area, having a slipcover on it may be more effective at keeping grime and grease away.



The Best Tips for Taking Care of Washing Machines with Agitators



With the way a washing machine handles the bulk of the task for doing the laundry, it also deserves to get some TLC from the owner. The washer eliminates the need to do hard scrubbing, so taking care of it ensures consistently smooth performance and protection against breaking down. Here’s what to do to give a washing machine with agitator some tender loving care.


washing machine with agitator


Keep the machine stable

Position the machine on a level floor. If needed, adjust the feet to keep it balanced. The vibrations that occur with an unbalanced unit could make connections come off and also cause some degree of internal damage.

Open the door of the machine after use to help the drum dry out.



Do not overload the washing machine

The desire to finish the washing in one go can be tempting, but this could lead to a broken machine. When there are too many clothes put in beyond the machine’s capacity, this pushes the motor to overwork and eventually overheat. Stuffing the machine with clothes also results in poor spinning, or worse, no spinning at all. A heavy load can be washed using a heavy load option, however, which utilizes a huge amount of water so clothes can be cleaned optimally.

Do remember that heavy load wash options can strain the motor and can require a greater amount of water, aside from influencing the quality of the finished laundry.

Also, using too much detergent than necessary can damage water pipes, the motor, and of course, clothes.


washing machine with agitator detergent



Clean the machine inside and out

Your washing machine handles the laundry but it can’t clean itself.

Often, without regular cleaning, small detergent spills can develop a sticky residue on the machine. This makes it important that the machine be wiped down on the outside at least once weekly. Use a mild grease-cutting dishwashing liquid and water.

Wipe down the inside tub regularly as well using a damp cloth. Soapy residue, dirt and lint will easily build up if you don’t. Once your clothes do not come out as clean as they should, the machine needs some deep cleaning. An odor inside also indicates the need for deep cleaning.

Use a formulation for machine cleaning once a month to give your washer thorough cleaning. This not only ensures a cleaner drum but also helps the machine clean better. You can run an empty cycle on hot wash with the machine cleaner, or just laundry detergent, if you prefer. You can also run the machine with water and no clothes plus two cups of lime juice or white vinegar on the hottest wash cycle. You can do this once every 3 months.

You can also mix your own washing machine cleaner. For sanitizing, mix ¾ cup of bleach plus 1 tablespoon powdered laundry detergent. Run the machine through a soak cycle with the solution, then have the washer run a rinse cycle to clear out the cleaning solution.

If the machine has a detachable lint filter, remove it and clean out the collected lint from clothes, then attach the lint filter back. Lint clogs water pipes and can also bring about improper washing of clothes. Old clothes usually have a layer of fluff on them, so it is good advice to check the lint filter regularly.

Clean off grease, detergent buildup and dirt from the drum, water pipes and dispensers.

A washer with an agitator will require cleaning of the area under that component (agitator) as the smell could transfer to the clothes. The smell comes from mildew and mold growing in the drum. The area under the agitator is a rich breeding ground for those organisms, since it is usually damp and warm.

Find rusted spots in the tub or dispenser and eliminate them with two cups lemon juice then running the machine on hot water for one cycle.


top load washing machine with agitator tube



Use knobs gently and the machine settings wisely

Don’t use too much pressure when turning knobs. Don’t turn the knobs and dials in the wrong direction either. These elements are quite sensitive so be gentle.

Choose normal wash for standard loads, gentle wash for baby clothes and other delicate items, and the strong wash setting for heavily soiled and/or greasy loads. Using the suitable setting not only protects clothes from getting ruined but also keeps the machine running damage-free.



Be prompt with repairs

Washing machines may not last forever, but by observing proper maintenance, the unit can last for years. If you hear a strange noise, notice parts coming loose or a general decline in washing performance, call washer repair experts ASAP. Running the machine even with those obvious problems can only create bigger problems. Should your unit break down, call washer repair technicians or experts to help you determine the cause. The appliance may still have an applicable warranty or be subject to product recall, so it pays to ask an expert’s help.



The Best Tips for Choosing New Golf Balls



Not all golf balls are created equal. Golf balls have been manufactured nowadays to match the advances in the engineering of golf clubs, which is good news for those who love the game as much as they love playing their best golf. You can considerably improve your game by choosing the right golf ball. Amidst the tweaking in design to accommodate the different needs of players, choosing the right golf ball has become a necessity rather than an afterthought.

golf balls


Check out the material

The cover of the golf ball can either be urethane or ionomer.

An ionomer cover is constructed using plastic elements. On the other hand, a golf ball cover made of urethane is made using soft, rubber ingredients. Choosing the material for the golf ball cover really depends on the player’s specific skill level aspects, which include the driver distance as well as unintentional habits to spin that the player may have.

Someone new to the game or who has a high handicap is better off checking out ionomer-enclosed golf balls. This type reduces slicing and hooking while allowing the user to get the ball travelling higher, which those with slow to moderate swing speeds can fully appreciate. This type of golfer can also work well with a two-piece ball that offers emphasis on low spin and distance.

Golfers who play on an expert level will do well with a urethane-enclosed golf ball. A player of this type typically shoots in the 70’s to the low 80’s, which signifies excellent control of the swing and the capability of going on a birdie run in every round. Urethane-covered golf balls are beneficial for short games while being long on the tee. The expert player can select between 3- and 5-piece balls.

The player whose skill level lies between the first two requires more focus on their side spin. This makes a 3-piece ionomer-enclosed golf ball a good bet, which delivers low spin, high launch and more roll on the ground.



Take note of the construction

Choose the type of golf ball construction to suit your needs. Golf balls are marketed as multilayer items with 2- or 3-piece designs. Multilayer balls are geared toward minimizing the effects of spin on them.

For golfers who want additional backspin, a 3-piece ball is ideal.

In addition, once you have understood your greenside control needs, pick a ball to fit those needs.

If you are the type of player who considers control around the greens as critical to every game, a three-piece urethane covered ball should do fine. If control on the greens is not really a big deal, or even a soft feel, or all you want is just getting a long distance from your driver and a spin with full irons is vital, check out golf balls with medium- to low- hardness on the cover.

A number of golf balls can give far distances with soft feel. However, control around the greens doesn’t come with soft feel.


golf ball on green



Take note of compression ratings

Low core compression can give a ball a soft feel despite a relatively hard cover, which won’t grip high-loft clubs. Thanks to improvements on core technology, there are now plenty of good choices in the category for feel-distance in golf balls.

For players who have high swing speeds and can propel their drive over 240 yards in the air, a suitable compression rating is 100. Individuals with lower swing speeds should do well with a compression rating from 80 to 90.



Check out Spin

With a low spin golf ball, the side spin of shots is reduced so the ball can fly straighter and truer through the air. The distance travel may not be much but the decreased spin will result in a higher amount of roll when landing. This type is suitable for those who find it challenging to achieve ground distance or who slice the ball.

A mid-spin gold ball offers a choice between a low spin and a high spin golf ball. By taking the benefits of the other two types of balls, the mid-spin ball delivers strong distance with a unique feel and softness. This type is usable by all players.

A high spin golf ball is engineered to raise the level of air spin for it. When hit, this type is propelled through the air with a certain level of back spin to cover a longer distance. This type is made for those who hit the ball right to left with a draw.

high spin golf ball



The golf ball should match all aspects of your game

You want a golf ball that will complement all aspects of your game. It is necessary to evaluate one’s overall game along with their weaknesses before making a final decision on a golf ball.

For those who often end up 10 to 15 yards short on their target driver length or on long par 3s, going for a golf ball geared to provide further distance is always the best choice.

Individuals who find themselves hitting greens while the ball remains unstuck, a ball geared for higher spin could enable possible hitting of more greens in moderation.




The Best Tips for Using a Rifle Scope When Deer Hunting



Sighting your prey with precision and being able to shoot accurately can be made possible by knowing how to use a rifle scope. Sure, sighting a target as big as a deer can be easy with the naked eye, but with a rifle scope, precision is more ensured at a further distance. Rubbish rifle scopes offer so little in the way of seeing your target at an exact point even when you’re many feet away. Here’s how to enjoy optimal target viewing with a rifle scope.

rifle scope for deer hunting


First know where the pellet lands, then make adjustments accordingly

Zeroing the scope or bore sighting is best done this way. Generally, rifle scopes are outfitted with elevation and windage knobs that can be adjusted to offset any inconsistencies on precision. The vertical point of impact (POI) of the bullet is influenced by the typically top-mounted elevation dial or turret. The right side of the scope is where the dial, knob or turret for windage is located. Windage influences the horizontal POI.

Make sure the barrel is unobstructed and the rifle is unloaded. Remove the bolt and then mount the rifle in a steady rest oriented downrange. Stand behind the weapon and look through the bore. With utmost care, move the weapon till the target is right in the bore center. Then, ensuring no movement to the rifle, begin adjusting the scope to center the reticle on the target. The boresight doesn’t have to be overly precise but simply needs to be close enough for the rifle to be on target at 25 yards.



Line up a shot at farther distances than the zeroed point

Majority of rifle scopes feature either a mil-dot or Ballistic Plex reticle, which enables the second step. The weapons also ship with a chart or diagram showing where the reticle can be lined up based on the velocity, weight and caliber of the bullet. It can be quite easy to simulate the caliber and weight, but the speed/velocity is quite specific to the rifle. To ensure consistent accuracy, the shooter will have to prepare their own chart for the weapon.

rifle scope with Ballistic Plex reticle


Tune the windage and elevation for hunting or recreational shooting

Military snipers have a wholly different purpose for adjusting the elevation and windage levels on their weapons, and so has the recreational shooter or hunter. Approximate calculations have to be carried out and the reticle held off so it won’t be necessary to re-zero the scope.

Calculate the distance to the target to zero the rifle scope. Unless the hunter is at a zeroed distance, the bullet could drop or rise if the shooter is unable to aim at a set distance. Another big factor is bullet weight, especially at further distances. Bullet weight influences the maximum effective range of the bullet. The bullet trajectory and the cross wind could easily modify the component’s effective range.

A shot angle, or one executed to bring down the target at an angle, also has to be considered as well. The bullet’s flight path may also be affected by other seemingly inconsequential factors such as: head/tail wind, which influences trajectory and speed; comparison between ambient temperature and ground temperature along with the distance from the ground, which can contribute to variances in bullet lift; humidity, which offers minute effects on trajectory; curvature of the earth, specifically on very long shots of more than a thousand yards when determining accuracy.

Today’s technological advances have brought forth computers or PDA calculators that are able to calculate the precise impact and position of a bullet based on the information obtained when all the above factors are taken together. Those types of devices calculate based on targeting at zero reticle, giving shooters the optimal means of achieving accurate target sighting. Rezeroing can be tedious when target shooting.

Unless the user is managing or modifying the reticle position, they should calculate the number of clicks utilized in each direction so setting the scope back to zero will be easy after the hunt.


set a rifle scope for deer hunting



If the parallax is available, adjust it according to the distance to the target

Most rifle scopes, and all adjustable-power scopes, enable the user to position the reticle within the same distance plane as the target, ensuring a highly accurate shot. Virtually all parallaxes have specified distances on them. Despite serving as good guidelines, those numbers are seldom accurate. The parallax will demonstrate minute changes according to the shooter’s eye relief, the distance of the target and the scope power.

Adjusting the parallax for accuracy can be extremely tedious and will take plenty of practice. Estimate its position according to the distance to the target. One can tinker with the parallax by placing their head in a relief position to view the black area around the edge while looking down through the scope. Then, move the eye and the head to have the black area even around all edges of the reticle.

Indeed, although ensuring a superbly precise shot is achievable using the parallax, this factor can be set at 150 yards using fixed parallax scopes, or set at 1,000 yards with the reticle at 8 inches tops off the ground. Closer distances of 500 yards can be at a maximum of 1.5 inches off.



Orient the crosshairs in the center of the target at zero distance

To compensate for angle, distance or headwind, the crosshairs of the rifle scope may have to be raised or lowered, thus keeping the center of the target at zero distance.




The Best Tips for Snow Boots Maintenance



Protecting snow boots can look like a daunting task, particularly if this is the first pair you have ever owned. The important thing to keep in mind is that it doesn’t have to be all that complicated. With several simple tips and tricks, you can maintain your winter and snow boots in perfect shape. We’ve put together a short guide that can assist you in caring for your boots, since they can be damaged by a lot of things, including mud, rain, and snow.


Snow boots


The basics

Let’s say you’ve recently purchased a pair of new snow boots. Believe it or not, maintenance should start ever since you’ve received them at your doorstep. Often times, the manufacturer will recommend a waterproofing spray that the buyers can utilize in order to increase the water resistance of the model they have purchased. If possible, begin by spraying the waterproofing product right off the bat.

If your boots are made of leather, you might want to consider saddle soap. Even though it might be regarded as an old-fashioned product, you may find that it can do wonders when it comes to cleaning, conditioning, and protecting the leather. If you are feeling a bit puzzled as to how you may use saddle soap to cover the boots, we’ll put your mind at ease. Use water and saddle soap to create a lather to cover your boots. Allow it to set and dry for a couple of minutes, and then remove it with a piece of cloth.

Since saddle soap can affect the coloring of some types of leather, it might be a good idea to test the lather on a small portion of the boot to realize whether or not it might affect the overall color of the unit.



Salt and the winter season

Above all, salt can take a toll on snow boot. In this sense, the crucial consideration is to clean the boots right after taking a stroll in the snow. You’ll require warm water, laundry soap or detergent, some baking soda, vinegar, and a towel, as well as soft cloths and sponges. Salt stains have to be cleaned as quickly as possible, provided you take notice of them in a timely fashion.

If you plan on soaking your boots in their entirety, use a mixture of warm water, white vinegar, and detergent. Just allow the inserts to soak and gently rinse the outside and inside of the boots.

Things are somewhat different you’re the owner of a pair of suede boots, you might want to remove salt stains by using an eraser or sand with an emery board. Brush the flattened nap with the help of a towel or toothbrush.

If possible, don’t allow the salt to penetrate the surface of the snow boots. Sometimes, whatever you do, this might occur. Rest assured, you still have the ability to clean them, but you’ll probably need to use commercial products.


Cleaning snow boots



Shiny, polished, and clean

Leather boots are the most difficult ones to maintain, as you’ll have to polish them rather frequently. Nevertheless, even models made with synthetic fabrics require a little maintenance, as a little warm water never hurt a pair of boots. If you are looking to remove scuff marks, you might want to know that the most effective combination is the one composed of baking soda and warm water.

If you came across an unhappy accident and somehow managed to get oil stains on your suede boots, don’t panic. Use either talcum powder or cornmeal to brush off the stains as soon as possible.



Store in a clean, dry place

This piece of advice might come up with any product you might purchase, be it food or clothing. Nothing beats storage when it comes to snow boots, because some people live in areas where winter isn’t something that goes on for ages. If you don’t store your boots properly, you have a high risk of finding them either moldy or cracked. It goes without saying that the mold that affects your snow boots may just as well contaminate the other pieces of clothing you have stored in the same area.

Both leather and suede have to breathe from time to time, which is why plastic bags should be out of the question. While keeping your boots in direct sunlight isn’t the right way to go about things, checking on them from time to time is. The warmer and sunnier the place, the more likely they are to develop cracks.



Pay Off Your Debt With These Tips and Tricks



Whether you are trying to be debt-free because it puts your mind at ease or you have years ahead of you to pay off that student loan you’ve taken to complete your education, the fact of the matter is that most of the people living both in the United States and all over the world have borrowed money at some point or the other, and they’ve had to make various sacrifices to pay their debt.

If you’d like to complete this process a little faster, maybe you should check out the tips we’ve listed below.


Automated payments

There are several ways of getting debt-free faster, but you have to be as organized as possible. One simple method that you can consider would be to redirect money as you get your paycheck. Automated payments will be performed without you having to do a single thing, and the amount of money that will remain in your account will be the true one, that which you have the freedom to spend.

It’s often that people get ahead of themselves when they get their paychecks, and they forget all about taxes or the loans they have to pay off. Automated payments make this impossible, so you’ll at least be aware of your financials and you’ll start spending money in a more mature and responsible way.


Always start with a plan

Let’s say you have three loans you have to pay. There are two major ways of handling the payments. You can either start with the one that has the highest interest rate, because it makes more sense to pay off this loan faster than the other two. You can also choose to split the money between all of the three, but it would still be a good idea to redirect more to the one with the highest interest rate.

The other way of paying off your three loans quickly would be to make payments to the smallest loan first, so at least you have the feeling that you’re doing what you’re supposed to and that you’re on the right path.

Of course, each person’s situation is different, so we would advise you to analyze your own and decide on the method that best suits your needs. Perhaps you’re more motivated by getting rid of one loan faster than by paying off the one with the highest interest rate first, no matter the amount.


Make a budget

What’s the tightest budget that you can handle? This is one important question that you must find the answer to as soon as possible. If you have a steady job and you aren’t worried that you might lose it anytime soon, your situation is more or less stable, so you can start making payments as fast as possible.

It’s easier to make sacrifices right now than trying to cut back on your expenses after you have become accustomed to getting coffee at Starbucks every morning instead of brewing it at home. Make a list of the purchases that you make every month without even realizing. For some, this might be buying a bottle of water while they’re out and about instead of bringing a reusable one filled with tap water from home.

Believe it or not, there’s nothing wrong with tap water as in most places, it’s perfectly safe to drink.

You should try to write down all of the expenses you make. Of course, there are eco-friendly ways of tackling this, and you can use a budgeting app such as Mint if you’re more prone to utilizing your smartphone instead of putting pen to paper. But remember, sometimes seeing the numbers written down in your own handwriting can be a dawning realization.


Shared living

If you have a well-paid job and you work in an expensive city like New York, the temptation of renting a place all for yourself can be very difficult to manage. Let’s be a little realistic. Unless you are fortunate enough to be a digital nomad or you have one of those jobs where you can work at home, it makes little to no sense to have an entire apartment all to yourself.

Every room or square inch that you do not use in your place costs you extra, simply because you have no specific purpose for it. Try getting a roommate. Living with your parents can be another solution to this problem because you’ll either have to pay them very little rent or just part of the expenses of keeping a household.

Not all loans are bad

Taking out loans can actually be good for your credit, so if you’re under the impression that your credit score can be improved only if you have never borrowed money in your life, that mindset is, unfortunately, incorrect.

Your credit score gets better and better as you stick to your payments and complete them regularly. So, whether you like the idea or not, at some point you might have to consider getting a payday loans America alternative or something in these lines. After all, such a loan usually is smaller compared to many others. And since in many cases, you can’t borrow more than eight hundred dollars, the interest that you’ll have to pay will also be smaller.


Side gigs

If you have a full-time job, it’s like that you aren’t exactly excited at the opportunity of working extra for a bit of cash that can assist you in paying out your debt faster. However, not all side hustles are the same, and many will give you plenty of opportunities in the long run, and more than enough freedom.

If you really don’t want to work extra, all that you have to do is make an analysis of the things you own and make a list of those that you actually don’t use often. How many of us have bought a waffle maker and used it just three times, even though we’ve owned it for three years? Discover all of the devices, gadgets, and appliances that are holding you back from having a clutter-free lifestyle. Organize a yard sale or use the power of the Internet to sell them.

As for side gigs, even if you’re not a U.S. native, you can make a bit of extra cash if you’re good at various online things. Maybe you’re an astute data analyst, or maybe you can write content, whether in your native language or in English. There are hundreds of thousands of websites looking to hire content writers every day. Use a safe platform such as Upwork to get a side gig.

Ask for help

This advice works for most individuals who aren’t or haven’t ever been in need of a huge amount of cash for a particular purpose. Of course, you can’t ask your friends or family to fund your education in full, but you could get some of the money from them, or they might be able to help you out with paying your debt.

Best of all, almost none of these people that you’ve known your whole life will ask you for interest. You do have to make sure you set some ground rules and pay them back so that you avoid conflict.


Refinancing your loans

Especially when it comes to a student loan, you might have to look into the refinancing options you have available. However, one important note must be made in this respect, and it’s that this process is available through private companies, which is why you might lose the protections ensured by federal loans if you decide do go through with it.



The Best Tips for Huting Deer with a Crossbow



Making a clean and ethical harvest out in the field when hunting deer with a crossbow will require that you practice a foolproof protocol for targeting at close range. Any small change could influence the results of your hunting trip, and you could either come home successful with a great catch or shamed due to being empty handed. Before heading out to bag your biggest buck ever, you need to know how to hunt deer with a crossbow.


Crossbow for deer hunting



Practice using your crossbow on a target before actually heading out

This will help you know the range you are comfortable with. Practice using several ranges, from 30, 40 to 50 yards or more so you can feel really comfortable making a shot. When you do get to the field and know what range you’re comfortable with, it’s important to mark that range so when the deer comes out, you are confident you can knock it down.



Wind direction, as well as camouflage, is extremely vital

Deer hunting is a stealth activity. Whenever possible, the wind should be in your face. Hunting downwind gives away your presence easily. It is sensible to have various places and stands to hunt so you can make sure the wind is always in your face.

To ensure that you do not stick out in the hunting environment, do wear camouflage clothing. This will enable you to blend yourself as much as possible into the environment. Your face and hands should also be covered.



Be quiet and scentless

Movement and sound can give your presence away. Do not move around too much while waiting for the prey to show up, or just make sure any movements are executed slowly. Be as perfectly quiet as possible. None of your gear should rattle or create noise. As the deer moves into your area, take the safety off the crossbow slowly and quietly so as not to startle the prey away with a loud clicking sound.

Scent control is also essential. Your hunting clothes shouldn’t carry a strong scent, preferably laundered in scent-blocking detergent or ordinary baking soda and then hung to dry outside.

Refrain from chewing or smoking while in the hunting stand, but if these can’t be helped, do not throw or spit your cigarette butts on the ground. Put the trash in a receptacle and never leave trash lying around after hunting.

Lure the deer in using proper deer attractants, so the prey will focus on that smell and not on yours.

Avoid brushing up against branches and leaves on the way to the stand. Instead, use the crossbow to push aside any branches.



Being out in the field is a lot different from shooting at a target

Try going after a good mature doe before trying to knock down a big master buck.

Be in the stand at least an hour early, preferably even before the sun rises to allow the woods to settle back down. Hunting in the evening requires that you go ahead of the normal time the deer moves, so the area can also settle down.

When you sight your deer, make sure the line of vision of the prey is obstructed by a bush or tree, or that its head is turned away from you. Raise your bow, making sure the deer doesn’t see your movement. Keep in mind that the whitetail species will try to see if they can detect any movement by surprise. Just keep immobile and do not look whitetails in the eye. Keep a steady stare and do not move your eyes. Look to the side of the deer’s face and not directly at the eyes. Breathe deeply and calm yourself down.


crossbow target practice



Take the kill shot

After making sure you are calm enough to take a sure, slow and steady shot, wait until the deer moves into a kill shot position. Do not take spine or brain shots. Aim instead to execute a center lung shot. Follow the back line of the front leg from broadside up to the center of the chest, then drop down a bit to obtain the perfect shot. Should the deer be at an angle, just visualize where its lungs are and aim for the center of this specific mass. When hunting from a treestand, this is the spot just behind the deer’s shoulders and right at the center of the body. This spot will ensure that you hit the heart, lungs or spine, delivering a one-shot kill.

Do keep in mind that if the deer does not move into the kill shot position or for you to take a kill shot, you should never attempt to shoot.

You’d be better off going home empty-handed than just wounding a deer superficially without killing it.

A lost or wounded big game animal is something that a serious hunter cannot easily live down.



The Best Tips for Sharpening Your Axe



If you have been wondering what the most efficient methods of sharpening an axe were, you’ve come to the right place. We enjoy giving out a hand to people who might be struggling with sharpening and maintaining their cutting instruments. As is the case with any other tool designed for cutting, proper use and maintenance are two core ways of keeping your axe in perfect shape.

Even though sharpening an axe might look like a daunting task, we think that it might be a good idea if you had a look at the following tips and tricks that we’ve gathered for your consideration. They speak to beginners and advanced users alike.


Sharpening axe


The basics

Before getting to work, you should assess the condition of the axe and its handle. Closely inspect the cutting edge and focus on the nicks. Then, decide whether you want to sharpen it for carving or shaving, for smoothing planks for a table, or for felling a tree. You may find different methods on the internet but take into account the fact that there isn’t a universal way of doing the sharpening for every task you might need your axe for.

For example, cutting requires a flat angle while for splitting firewood you will need an axe with a short and abrupt edge.

The simplest way of removing excess metal is by axe grinding. However, this isn’t the most recommended option for people who have little to no experience, as you’ll need to use the grinder very slowly to determine whether or not you still need to remove metal. Perform any quick movement and you might end up ruining the blade.



The easiest way to sharpen an axe

If you are looking for a hassle-free experience, you might consider using an emery tool or a fine-toothed flat file. The main idea to keep in mind is to stick to the original shape of the blade. With straight bevel faces, you will have to keep the entire bevel face on the wheel or file.

As previously mentioned, a grindstone can do the trick when it comes to repairing minor damage. Wear is something that occurs naturally in an axe, and sharpening against the rotation of a grindstone can be done efficiently and in a rather timely fashion. Perform slow and careful movements both back and forth, so that you even out the entire edge.

Once you’re satisfied with the level of sharpness, you can proceed to hone the edge. This task can be performed with a coarse and then a fine whetstone, which has been previously dipped in water or oil. If you are still looking for a keen edge once you’ve done all this, use a length of leather.


Axe sharpening



Sharpening with a file

This technique is different compared to the one we have described above. It won’t get you the sharpest edge, and therefore, it doesn’t speak to people who are looking to use the axe for shaving. Nevertheless, it’s a great alternative for people who don’t own a grindstone and the sharpness will do its job for all around use.

Start by removing the burrs and nicks with a rough file, once you have clamped your axe. Use a downward motion and remove the metal as evenly as possible, until you start to notice that the edge has started to reflect some light. Be careful when doing these movements, as you don’t want to risk performing a bad cut. Also, if you’re not the handiest person in the world, try using a pair of proper gloves.

Once you’ve reached the sharpening level you have been looking for, it’s time to use a fine file in order to finish the edge.  Use the same downward strokes we were mentioning above and keep the same angle all throughout the operation. To get the right finish, you are likely to require a medium stone.

This sharpening method is rather easy and offers good results for people looking to use their axe on a regular basis.



Don’t forget about safety

The process of sharpening an axe should occur slowly and carefully, regardless of the method you think is the most convenient. Always pay attention to what you are doing, particularly once you have partially managed to sharpen the blade. In the event you have to attend to some other activity, simply take a break and don’t trust your multi-tasking abilities. Once again, a pair of cut resistant carving gloves never hurt anyone, and it won’t hurt you.



The Best Tips for Packing your Hunting Backpack



Packing your hunting backpack is a matter of trial and error. The more experience you gain, the more efficiently you’ll be able to gather the things you need. One of the first things to consider if you’re just starting out is that you’ll be spending a lot of time in the wild, all by yourself. Complete solitude has several advantages, as you’ll be able to sleep better, become more confident, and even develop an eye for the animals you intend to hunt.

If you are still having trouble figuring out just what you need to take on the road, we’re here to give you a helping hand. We have put together a short list of the things that a hunter is need of when backpack hunting. Just remember, nothing beats proper gear, so buy yourself some high-end equipment even if you feel like it’s totally ruining your budget. In the end, it might be worth it, as it’s considerably sturdier compared to cheap packs that break on your first outing.


Hunting backpack


The basics

The most important item to take along is your hunting license. You don’t want to get in trouble with the law just because you’ve forgotten it at home. Always double-check before going on the road, because licenses and tags just cannot be replaced. Next come a knife and a sharpener. It goes without saying that nothing is better than a good knife because you’ll be able to use it for a broad variety of activities in case you don’t have scissors or the likes.



Sleeping system

Any respectable sleeping system is composed of a sleeping bed, a sleeping pad, and a type of shelter. We’ve seen that bivouac sacks are amazing when it comes to keeping warm and dry. They’re extremely advantageous, as they are small and lightweight and can be carried around with little to no effort.

Tents are somewhat inconvenient, because they are far more difficult to set up. As long as we are addressing the subject of waterproofing, it might be a good idea for you to consider using a rain cover for the backpack. This item looks like a shower cap that you can use to protect the surface of the pack from rain and snow.

Whatever you do, just don’t take a pillow with you. If you have a comfortable enough jacket, you can use it as a pillow.

The sleeping bag is probably the most expensive thing you’ll have to invest in, but it definitely pays off, as you’ll be feeling refreshed in the morning and ready to hunt all over again.




The gear that you’ll need to pack can range from a good pair of binoculars to a digiscope camera. Most people prefer taking their spotting scopes and rangefinders with them. A GPS always comes in handy just in case you are beginning to feel unsure about the route you have to choose. A phone, an external charger, and even a very small-size emergency radio can do the trick when it comes to communicating with the rest of the world. Consider investing into a small waterproof sack for keeping your mobile devices safe.

Additional gear may include a saw, some rope, a marker and tape, a bear spray and some game bags.



Cooking and drinking

Since you are going to be spending some time in the wild, you already know better than to expect gourmet cuisine in the middle of the woods. If you like to cook, take a flash stove, the basic utensils you can find, and a small lighter. You’re probably going to run out of water at some point, so grab some water treatment iodine tablets so that you can drink from rivers and streams.

As for food, keep it simple. Some energy bars, bagels, jerky, trail mix, and pre-made bacon will do the trick.


Hunting backpack checklist



Survival and hygiene

Are you planning to go on a backpack hunting trip all alone? If so, you might want to take a first aid kit, as much Tylenol as you believe you require and a waterproof lighter. Provided you do not feel like taking a shower in a cold river, just pack some face wipes or regular baby wipes.




If there’s some room left and you don’t know what you can fill it up with, here’s some other items you might want to take into account: hand cleaner, latex gloves, high-quality paper towels, flagging tape and several ziplock bags. Trash bags come in handy for when your shelter breaks down and they can be used for storing meat.